ALGO DE HISTORIA SOBRE CHICHEN ITZA.
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In its beginnings the city of Chichen Itza, was no more than a small town formed by small huts of wood and straw built around the Xtoloc cenote, and it was not until around 325 A.D. that Chichen Itza started acquiring the city-like shape, it still keeps, with the construction of the now world-famous huge stone temples started.

Urban planning was a little bit messy and erratic at first, although later great care was taken to plan the city and leave more space among the buildings and temples by making causeways called sacbe or sacbeob in plural, meaning 'white ways', which also joined the city with other towns. The causeways were paved with quicklime and they were slightly elevated above ground. All of the causeways still exist today and some have even been turned into modern day highways.

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It is believed that by 1000 A.D. war broke out in the Mayan kingdoms causing the fall of Chichen Itza. Evidence gathered on site shows that the thatched and wooden roofs on top of some of the temples such as the Temple of the Warriors and the Market were burned down. Chichen Itza's fall is also directly related to the rise of Mayapan in Southern Yucatan, as the new political and economic center of the Mayan World. Nevertheless, there is evidence that up to the 16th century, Chichen Itza remained a sacred center, where Mayans carried out pilgrimages and ceremonies to the temple of Kukulcan.


You can also visit the spectacular Cenote Sagrado, a large sinkhole that measures 60 meters (198 feet) in diameter. Many fantastic treasures have been found at the sinkhole: rings, necklaces, gold and jade objects, as well as the bones of young women that were thrown into the water as an offering to Chaac, the Mayan rain god.


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You can also visit the spectacular Cenote Sagrado, a large sinkhole that measures 60 meters (198 feet) in diameter. Many fantastic treasures have been found at the sinkhole: rings, necklaces, gold and jade objects, as well as the bones of young women that were thrown into the water as an offering to Chaac, the Mayan rain god.

The Chichen Itza zona is an enigmatic place that holds invaluable mysteries and secrets yet to be uncovered of the many achievements reached by the Mayans. It has been proven that each and every temple in the city was built in accordance with the position of the stars and planets. The Castle, for instance, registers the equinoxes (when day and night last the same length) and the summer solstice (when the sun reaches its peak over the Tropic of Cancer). Another similar case is the Snail or Observatory that registers the cycles of the moon, which together with the sun's positioning are important indicators of the planting and harvest seasons.

ruinas en chichen The Toltec ruled at Chichén Itzá until approximately AD 1200, when the city was mysteriously abandoned. The city was then settled by the Itzá, a merchant and warrior people, around AD 1224,

The Itzá abandoned Chichén Itzá almost immediately after they settled there, again, for reasons unknown, and settled in nearby Mayapan, which became the capital of the Yucatan for about two hundred years until warring factions set up separate city states. The glory of Chichén Itzá was never again realized; only the silent buildings remain to remind us of its former grandeur and of the sophisticated knowledge of the heavens the Maya possessed.

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